Sunday

Bofutsana le Khotso (Poverty and Peace)

Ntate Moshoeshoe I knew it. He knew that a hungry, poor people cannot be peaceful. One of his trusted rules of thumb was to feed thieves and murderers and integrate them into his nation, so that they never feel again the need to steal and kill. King Letsie III says
"political instability comes from poverty," and the government must concentrate on "the battle against poverty" to avoid a repetition of the 1998 troubles. It is an uphill battle, and the 'kingdom in the sky' has some steep mountains to climb. King Moshoeshoe I was left with a mountainous, infertile kingdom when most of his arable land was annexed to the Orange Free State in the 1860s. As the nation grew, its farming communities were pushed further and further into the highlands, leaving a legacy of soil erosion, evident in the single ear of maize on each stalk. Low on natural resources, Lesotho is currently struggling to deal with unemployment of up to 45%.
When you're hungry you steal. It's that simple. You might even go to the extent of murdering someone for their money, for example. Inexcusable but understandable. One of the cries that I keep repeating over and over is the fact that we need to train our guns on Poverty-Reduction, and many of the rest will follow."
"Whilst Britain fears losing its autonomy in the wake of closer monetary ties with Europe, the Basotho are less fearful of change. A tiny island of black Africa in richer waters, they know Lesotho can benefit from closer relations with its only neighbour. Like the British, they will resist any threat to their sovereignty, but their sense of national pride is unlikely to get in the way of the practicalities. One thing is clear: whatever the Basotho decide to do, they will carve out the future on their own terms."