His Time...

"As one free-thinking American has already done this week, with my heart, with my mind, and with my body, I must stand in the way of the tyrant. In the streets and the workplaces, in shopping malls and public buildings, with others or alone, I must stand before God and before man and be counted."
[ More... ]


Too good...?

I did celebrate our under-20 football win over Zimbabwe. It seems like the latter are protesting their loss, on the grounds that Lesotho fielded players over the regulation age. Hmmm...!
[ Source... ]


ZA Bank in Lesotho

Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili of Lesotho took place at the inauguration of South Africa's First National Bank (FNB) offices in Maseru, the capital. While FNB promised that its new banking services would "add capacity to the economy" in Lesotho, PM Mosisili promised that his government was "committed to restoring investor confidence" in the country.

Lekota: Beyond Diversity

In a timely and interesting statement, South-Africa's Mosioua Lekota, ANC Chairperson, looks at diversity and advises his country folk to start looking beyond diversity. Looking beyond diversity
means that we accepted and recognised our diversity and we used it to create a movement and a society unique in its own right. However, we need to move on now to create a nation in which all of us are equal South Africans and not seen as women, Afrikaners, English, Zulu, Sotho and so on, Lekota said.

History shows that those societies that failed to move beyond diversity were later on to face serious problems of internal strife and civil wars. Take Yugoslavia, for instance, where the country had to be balkanised after the death of Marshal Tito.
[ Source... ]
I think that it was indeed important for South Africa, in her first ten years of freedom, to look at herself and her rainbowness, and revel. That very act was one of the keys to the country's success. The trick today, as Mr Lekota suggests, is to go another ten years down the line and convince South African that, "Hey, you are different, but not really." Indeed, if skin colour and customs are different, hunger and hopelessness are not. All hungry people feel the same pangs. That, simply put, means South Africa must now train her guns on poverty and unemployment, and find solutions for all. As Bob Marley puts it in "Them Belly Full,"
Them belly full, but we hungry;
A hungry mob is a angry mob.
A rain a-fall, but the dirt it tough;
A yot a-yook, but d' yood no 'nough.
[ Source... ]


Tsvangirai on a Meeting Spree

Zimbabwe's Tsvangirai is to meet some of SADC's leaders, in a bid to get them to convince Mugabe to "enforce the immediate implementation of the Mauritian protocol in the run up to the Zimbabwe elections."


We've Won!

The Lesotho under-20 football squad has beaten Zimbabwe 3-0. We're going to be one of the 8 finalists in Benin. Hurray!


Women Hope for Autonomy

In Lesotho, Women Hope for Control of their Lives over AIDS, Sexism

Chicago Tribune

MASERU, Lesotho - (KRT) - Mpeo Mahase is a lawyer, a member of Parliament and Lesotho's assistant minister of justice. But when she wants to take out a loan, she needs her husband's permission.
RM: Way out! Relatively, we have a good number of lady ministers. This is a perfect example of culture over reason. It happens all the time, and it is usually wrong.

She also must get his approval to open a bank account, have surgery, take contraceptives or run for public office. She cannot own or inherit property, is barred from running a company and, until recently, had no legal power to refuse sexual relations.
RM: Sometimes the woman, wife, mother, may even call her spouse 'father.' Language, in this case, speaks volumes, because in Sesotho it is extremely important to call or refer to someone appropriately. Any man old enough to be my father is 'Father so and so,' and so on.

In Lesotho, men own women - even parliamentarians.
RM: Ouch! But true enough.

"A woman is the child of her father, her husband and her son," goes an old saying in Sesotho, the nation's traditional language. That is the way things have been for centuries in this tradition-bound mountain kingdom of 2 million people surrounded by South Africa.
RM: Two and a half million. AIDS has taken its toll, but there are still that many of us.

Lately, however, Lesotho's traditional male dominance has begun exacting a huge social price. Half of the nation's young women carry the AIDS virus, largely as a result of their inability to refuse unwanted sex, according to human-rights and humanitarian organizations. AIDS deaths have left one child in 10 an orphan. Unemployment tops 40 percent, in part because women struggle to get loans and open businesses. Half of the nation lives below the poverty line.
Yes, it does. What can we do about it?

Things have gotten so bad Lesotho is considering a landmark "equality in marriage" bill that would for the first time give women control of property, inheritance and their bodies.
RM: There goes men's monopoly on power, and there comes Lesotho's salvation. Women have already been running the show, but in the background, and always with the spectre of their spouse's veto hanging above their heads.

"I think women should be on an equal basis, and I think that feeling is growing," said Mahase, one of 15 women in Lesotho's 120-seat National Assembly, the Parliament's lower house. "When you empower women, you empower the nation. Without change, our future is non-existent."
RM: Alleluia!

Rethinking the role of women is one of the challenges Africa faces at the start of a new century. Across the continent, men hold most of the political, economic and social power, and traditional female subservience is limiting opportunities for economic and social progress.
RM: Men play and drink. That's what they traditionally do. Their unspoken excuse is that they're both warriors--protectors of the household--and bread-winners. It's a load of rubbish. Women till the land and protect the family. There are no more male-warriors in Lesotho.


The continent's inequality between the sexes is perhaps most evident in its AIDS crisis. Young women are two to four times more likely than young men to become infected with HIV, according to the United Nations. Male promiscuity remains socially acceptable across much of the continent, and women have little power to refuse sex or demand condom use. A recent study by the South African Medical Research Council found the only risk factor for 60 percent to 80 percent of infected women in southern Africa was sleeping with their husbands.
RM: Read this.

"Women and girls in Africa are dying by the millions, partly because their second-class status makes them vulnerable to violence and unsafe sex," said Joanne Csete, head of AIDS issues at Human Rights Watch in New York.
RM: Read this.

Many African countries, including Lesotho, have ratified international treaties that give women equal rights. But putting those protections into effect has been another matter.

In Ha Leqele, Lesotho, 18-year-old Mamokete Masupha is raising her young daughter alone in a house left to her and her brother by their parents, who died of AIDS.

Masupha dropped out of school to care for her parents in their last years, while her older brother moved away to attend technical college. But under Lesotho inheritance law, the house is his, and "he can throw me out anytime he wants," she said.

Nearby lives Mapoello Leqele, whose brother-in-law tried to seize her house after her husband died last year. The courts eventually upheld her claim to the property, but only because she had no son to inherit it.

"Women are very vulnerable here," she said. "We should be given rights. Some of tradition is bad and it should go."

Just a few doors away, Limakatso Senatlana, 16, spends her days with her dying mother in a dark house, empty except for her mother's bed and a few clothes and pots. Like Masupha, she had to quit school, and now "this is all I do," she said, sitting by her mother's AIDS-withered body, covered in blankets.

"I miss being a kid," she said quietly. Her mother, a widow, wipes away tears.

Orphaned girls in Lesotho are frequent victims of rape or succumb to sexual invitations in exchange for money they need to survive. Senatlana insisted she has resisted the pressures.

"I don't want to have a boyfriend. I don't even like them," she whispered, staring at a wall.

But neighbors tell a different story. At night, when her mother sleeps, they say, the girl with the round face has begun catching a taxi, to work as a prostitute in Maseru.

"Women and girls are the ones who face most of the problems. They're vulnerable in so many ways," said Itumeleng Kimane, a sociology professor and member of the Lesotho Law Reform Commission.

The commission, charged with revising the country's colonial-era laws, already has achieved one important victory for women: the new Sexual Offenses Act, passed last year.

The act, a response to widespread rape and the country's burgeoning AIDS crisis, for the first time sets stiff penalties for rape, incest and other offenses, including offering children favors for sex.

Under the new law, rapists must take an HIV test, and men who rape while knowingly HIV-positive can face the death penalty. Other rapists, who once got suspended sentences or a few months in jail, now face a minimum sentence of 10 years. A new unit has been set up within the Lesotho police force to take complaints of violence against women and children.


The Law Reform Commission's proposed "equality in marriage" bill, however, has been more controversial - and much slower to move toward becoming law. Written in 2000, it is awaiting Cabinet approval before it can be brought to the legislature for a vote. Each time proponents press it forward they are met with Cabinet demands for more studies and papers on the law's advisability, Kimane said.

Lesotho's men are particularly reluctant to cede power to women, Kimane believes, because they feel more economically and socially vulnerable than their fathers. Lesotho men have for generations gone to South Africa's mines to work, sending money home to their wives. But in the last decade, as mines have closed, thousands have lost their jobs.

That has led to growing violence as men, now stuck at home and unable to find other work, take out frustrations on their wives and children. Women in many families have become the breadwinners, taking low-paying jobs as maids or at the country's new textile factories.

While many turn their paychecks over to their husbands, others rebel, demanding the family's few spare cents go to pencils for the kids rather than cigarettes.

The male-dominated Cabinet and legislature "hear us, but they have never felt what it is to be confronted with these problems," said the professor, who recently needed her husband's signature when she sought a loan from National University of Lesotho, where she works. In Lesotho, "the laws have been made by men, for men, to create opportunities for themselves," she said.

"Men feel they are losing power. They are losing control and they will do anything to maintain the status quo," she said.

Women, brought up to obey and defer to fathers, uncles and brothers, are also part of the problem.
RM: How true! I know more than a handful of women who have given themselves up to the system. They shouldn't, because today's men in Lesotho aren't worth the reputation they're riding on. Most are ready to turn around and bolt, should the women show even a little spunk. He beats you up? Let him, then promise him that next time he does it, he better kill you, because if not o tla mo faola (you'll castrate him). That should work.

"We grow into women who feel we have to be subordinate all the time. Society doesn't encourage us to take leading roles in anything," Kimane said. "There's a widespread feeling we're not capable of making decisions. We grow up with this and internalize it."

That has made efforts to change traditional views, particularly in rural areas, an ongoing struggle. Mamokete Hlaele, who trains HIV peer educators for CARE in the Lesotho town of Maputsoe, says women, fearful of losing their husbands, often hush up incest against their own daughters and rarely report beatings, rape or other violence.

"We are trying to be liberated, but it is not easy," she said. Still, more and more women are speaking out. Clementine Nkofo, 46, a Ha Leqele woman with AIDS, lays out her case for women's rights even as her husband, Sejamonna, an unemployed miner, lurks stone-faced in a corner of the living room.

"Women have problem-solving skills. If we could just be given some control of our lives, things would change," she said. "We need men to understand the hardships women face. We need men to change."
RM: Change them.

Some change is under way. Lesotho's Parliament agreed this year to set aside a third of local government seats for women starting with elections next March, despite criticism the quotas are unconstitutional. Some Maseru shops quietly offer women credit they cannot get at the banks.

And at the school Kimane's daughter attends, students recently participated in a debate on whether women need men. The girls argued they did not, and won. Even Kimane found it a bit unsettling.

"I watched the girls look the boys in the face, and I felt for the boys," she admitted. "They need to find a way to become different from their fathers."
RM: If their girlfriends don't do anything, those boys are going to end up just like their fathers. It is the girls who must take matters into their hands (pun intended) and demand respect. You girls are better educated, anyway. You need to go further, in order to be fully autonomous, and to gain as much leverage as possible.


© 2004, Chicago Tribune.
Visit the Chicago Tribune on the Internet at
Distributed by Knight Ridder/Tribune Information Services

* The red bits (RM) are my comments, not Laurie Goering's
[ Source... ]


What Republicans Believe

A president lying about an extramarital affair is an impeachable offense. A president lying to enlist support for a war in which thousands die is solid defense policy.
[ Source... ]


Child's Blood

Why is Iraq giving $3,800,000 to Pepsi? And $189,449 to Toys R Us? The question is legitimate enough. The present situation in Iraq would require the country's funds to help Iraqis, most of whom are hurting. What's the bloody deal, here? Mike brings this up, and links to some helpful articles.
[ Source... ]


Broadcasting Bill in Parliament

"Afrol News, 13 October - A media law reform is causing controversy in Lesotho as the government has sent its bill to parliament without considering the viewpoints of the media. Media organisations wanted to achieve a transformation of pro-government state media into independent public-service broadcasters, but were denied the possibility of advocating these changes.

Two important bills, the Lesotho Broadcasting Corporation Bill 2004 and the Public Service Bill 2004 were presented in the Maseru parliament in September 2004, according to a statement issued by the national assembly. The bills are currently at the hands of Basotho MPs, who were urged to 'study their general merits and principles before engaging in debates.'

The main object of the Lesotho Broadcasting Corporation Bill 2004, according to the parliament's statement, "is to make provision for the restructuring of the Department of Broadcasting in a direction geared towards full liberalisation of the Department. This will be achieved by the establishment of an autonomous public Broadcasting corporation that shall be governed by a broad representative Board."
[ Source... ]


World Anger at Bush

George Bush has squandered a wealth of sympathy around the world towards America since September 11 with public opinion in 10 leading countries - including some of its closest allies - growing more hostile to the United States while he has been in office.
According to a survey, voters in eight out of the 10 countries, including Britain, want to see the Democrat challenger, John Kerry, defeat President Bush in next month's US presidential election.

The poll, conducted by 10 of the world's leading newspapers, including France's Le Monde, Japan's Asahi Shimbun, Canada's La Presse, the Sydney Morning Herald and the Guardian, also shows that on balance world opinion does not believe that the war in Iraq has made a positive contribution to the fight against terror.

The results show that in Australia, Britain, Canada, France, Japan, Spain and South Korea a majority of voters share a rejection of the Iraq invasion, contempt for the Bush administration, a growing hostility to the US and a not-too-strong endorsement of Mr Kerry. But they all make a clear distinction between this kind of anti-Americanism and expressing a dislike of American people. On average 68% of those polled say they have a favourable opinion of Americans.
[ Read on... ]
Anyone surprised? The Bush administration has carried out some actions, in favour of poor countries like mine, that are fundamentally good, helpful. I'm thinking of AGOA, and the way it has put paychecks in the hands of destitute families. When I say so, I'm thinking of the bread-winner who goes home every weekend with packages of foodstuffs and some clothes, where before there was nothing else. As I sit at my desk and type this I don't know where such people would get their food and livelihood from.

Correct me if I'm wrong, but perhaps "The Bush Administration" isn't the right appellation. "Americans" might be a more appropriate term. Am I wrong in surmising that the Clinton, Bush, Kerry, Nader or Any Administration would have taken the same route, given the same context and placed under the same circumstances?

I'm also quite happy that those polled clearly separate Americans and The American Government. I've got tons of friends in America, and I'm taking this opportunity (plus the e-mails I'm gonna send later) to ask them to vote. And convince someone else to go vote with them.

SA's "First Mandela"

It dawned upon us that he was our first Mandela, our first nation-builder and reconciliator. He is an important symbol, especially now that we must build a new society from a very fractured one.
[ Source... ]
Clue: He said that Peace was his sister.


Dry arts festival

The Lesotho Arts Festival in Morija is about the only opportunity for Basotho to showcase their stuff, both cultural and artistic. Just before its start, the government announced that there would be no alcohol sold at the festival. The turn-out was poor. Was it due to the ban?
The sixth Morija Arts and Cultural Festival was held at the village of Morija, some 25 kilometres south of Maseru, over Lesotho's Independence Day long weekend earlier this month. While honoured by prominent guests such as the royal family, Basotho ministers and foreign representatives, few ordinary Basotho participated at the event.
[ Source... ]
Some insist that the low turn-out was also because the Morija event was scheduled at the same time as another equally popular festival in nearby Bloemfontein, South-Africa. Could be. It seems to me, however, that instead of issuing a banning order, the government could have controlled the sale of alcohol. The control could have been in the form of limiting the quantity available, or allowing only mild alcohols. I agree that the event is cultural and artistic, and should not be turned into a shebeen. But it is also a celebration of our heritage and should not be turned into a stoic happening.


Lesotho's eroding rodents

Andrea Reuther, an MSc student, tells us about a soil eroding agent we do not normally think of.

Segregation Language

A political fight over segregation language is brewing in Alabama. Governor Bob Riley wants to vote the constitutional but unenforceable requirement, for separate schools "for white and colored children," out of the books. But he's got opponents. If he didn't, it wouldn't be the south, would it?

Football: Zimbabwe vs. Lesotho

An upcoming, under-20s football match between Lesotho and Zimbabwe promises exciting action. The first leg, played at Rufaro in Zimbabwe, was a goalless draw. The winner will be assured a spot in the finals in Benin next March. Good luck to the young Likoena.


Nick's quote for the day

I swiped this quote from

Effect of Drought

The impoverished mountain kingdom of Lesotho has experienced three consecutive years of drought-induced food shortages. IRIN spoke to three people about how their lives have been affected by the crisis. Ishmael Nthlomo, 53, is part of a World Food Programme (WFP) food-for-work project in Tsoeneng, southwest of the capital, Maseru. Along with 244 other able-bodied members of his community, Nthlomo has been involved in constructing a large dam, from which they hope to benefit for years to come.
[ Read on... ]


Re: Team

A team is a group of people or animals that work or play or compete together toward a common outcome, or to take the sports metaphor even further, toward a common goal. We can have all sorts of teams. The Springboks are a famous rugby team. "Bok" is Afrikaans for buck, or deer, and since these particular South African deer jump like mad, they got to be called Springboks.

The Toronto Blizzards and the Atlanta Chiefs were famous North American soccer teams. Canada paired with blizzards makes sense, and so does Atlanta paired with chiefs. There can be all sorts of teams but the most common trait among them, the one factor that will distinguish a team from something else, is Harambee, which is Swahili for pulling together. A group of people, no matter how dedicated they are, is not a team if they do not pull together. The effect of not pulling together is equivalent to having one member of a tug-of-war team pushing, or one member of a soccer team kicking the ball between his or her own goalposts.

Team-mate is another interesting word. Team-mates should get along, although that is optional. They must also strive toward a common outcome. Such an outcome can be scoring more goals than the opponent (Likoena of Lesotho), having more touch downs (San Francisco 49ers of America), making loads of money (a corporate team of the planet Earth), beating back starvation and illiteracy and political violence (Government of Lesotho).

Ladies and gentlemen, here is the Government of Lesotho. It is our team against misery and fear. We chose it! For the first time ever, Lesotho's team against misery was chosen by the people and is seemingly liked by the people and appears to me to be a winner. Of course, when things go awry we always single out and punish somebody, usually the coach. Or the goal-keeper. Or hooligans. Yes, the fans or supporters are part of the team. That makes you and I and other people who like Lesotho part of the team. Hooligans! Uh-huh. Not us.

We're not hooligans, we work with the team. I've previously suggested ways of working with the team (Another post is here). I'm not going to re-list them here. But I feel I must mention what I call pot-clanging again. We must clang those pots if we want to be heard. Just like fans roar the stadium down, we must cheer and boo our team and egg it on. And this is how we can do it:

  1. Contact your village chief or the ministry involved and tell them what you're so unhappy about. You can get ministers' details, ie phone number, fax number and postal address quite easily. On, clicking on the name takes you to a page that has the information. So what's to stop you? Nobody is going to come after you. We're a team, remember? And we chose these players ourselves, and they've proven to us that they are not the trigger-happy kind. So what's to stop you? You've got rights, as does everybody else. Read the constitution. You'll be amazed at how much you're entitled to, and at the yawning gap between what you're entitled to and what you're actually getting. My favourite is

    [ CHAPTER III PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY -- 26. Equality and justice -- (2) In particular, the State shall take appropriate measures in order to promote equality of opportunity for the disadvantaged groups in the society to enable them to participate fully in all spheres of public life. ]

  2. Vote. For Christ's sake, vote. That is perhaps the loudest clanging you can make. And what is good is that it is the one that influences our team the most. Going to the polls and dropping that slip of paper through the slit into the urn is a gigantic right. It is one that we must cherish and use wisely, because it is also one that is hardest to obtain. Lives have been lost, blood has been spilt, in getting that right. Vote. Vote with a conscience. Vote for peace and prosperity. Do not vote for a face, or for blood, or for friendship. Vote for Lesotho, but vote. Too often, those who have something tend to minimise it. Parisians don't give a damn about the Eiffel Tower. They prefer a small bistro in a back street where they can have their Beaujolais in peace. But there's no Eiffel Tower in Tokyo, you see. So the Japanese come all the way from the Far East just to be able to stare at and take snaps of a heap of iron. Voting is the same. Those who have always been able to vote prefer to go to a soccer match on election day, but well, hell, we must'nt. We can't. We must vote.

  3. Talk about it. "It" refers to everything. Talk about the constitution, talk politics, talk about the past. In my view the past is going to come back to haunt us unless we talk freely about who killed who and for what godawful reason. I'm talking about dialogue between citizens, neighbours, friends (the supporters), the government (the team), king Letsie III (the coach) and our friends (the sponsors) all over the world. Read, learn, discuss, analyse. I've tried many times to get Radio Lesotho online but to no avail. Now that would be one fast way of getting news around the world.

So, world, here is our team, for better or for worse. It is our best foot forward thus far. With this team we're ready to take on everything that is fucking life up for the Basotho people. With this team we're not interested in petty politics and in personal gain (?!), but in big-time politics and national gain. To the team, I feel I must say,

[ you are it. Our A-team. The proverbial buck stops with you. We're looking at you. We chose you. You will not let us down. And you will do everything in your power to fulfill the promise, as it is embodied in the National Vision, that you made to the Basotho people. And give us those e-mail addresses so we can clang our pots more easily and more efficiently. Phone numbers are nice, but you probably know how hard it is to go past all the blockades before reaching you. ]

As a member of the fan club, I'd like all the other members to know that

[ this isn't going to work without our input. No input, no outcome. Now, you know what to do because you are intelligent and dedicated. And I'm sure that like me you are sick and tired of bad politics. You realise that we can beat poverty and illiteracy and fear. So do let's. ]



Moshoeshoe Film

Bronwyn tells us about a documentary on the life and achievements of southern Africa's King Moshoeshoe I.


Lesotho blanket companies maseru

Someone with a dot "se" e-mail address left me a message on my mini-chat. The person in question had found me through this Yahoo search page, and had wanted to know where and how they could obtain Basotho blankets.

I somehow managed to lose the address they'd left. May the interested party please leave another message on the mini-chat to the left of this window, or write to me at the following address: retjoun at lycos dot com I would be grateful.


Lesotho benefits from Harry's film

The British Red Cross has set up a fund for AIDS victims in Lesotho after the screening of a documentary shot by Prince Harry during a visit earlier this year, a senior British diplomat said.
[ Read on... ]


Boipuso (Independence)

Thirty-eight years ago, on 4 October 1966, Lesotho got its independence from Britain to become the Kingdom of Lesotho. People suffered before and have suffered since then. Others have died, as we sought and seek not only political, but also financial, gender, religious and all other li-tokoloho, or freedoms, that humans may want to have.

Independence from Britain has never meant much to me, and I believe the signing of the relevant documents did not mean much to us as a nation. We gained independence from Britain but stayed unfree as a people, for indeed, independence from a colonial power has not always meant freedom for the colonised nation.

Well, we got it, those 38 years ago, but we still have a long, long way to go. We aren't yet free from hunger, HIV/AIDS, nor gender discrimination. The state of these particular shackles, and of the corresponding freedoms they deprive us of, depends almost entirely on what we do, when we do it, and how we do it. I'll take this same opportunity to hope that we'll look back on the past thirty-eight years of independence and learn from our mistakes.


No Women Priests!

There is a group of people in Botswana, mostly women, which is contesting the ordination of The Botswana Dutch Reformed Church's first woman priest. The first mention of a woman church official might be the "2nd or 3rd century Christian inscription in Egypt for Artemidoras, whose mother is described as 'Paniskianes, being an elder' (presbytera)." It is disturbing that in our day and age discrimination of this sort, of any sort, indeed, is still vented. Africa is a continent of extremes, granted -- for example, women are the glue that holds families and life together in Africa, yet they are still ill-treated and shrugged off as non-equals -- but this has got to stop, folks. Botswana's Dutch Reformed Church needs to look at that constitution with fresher eyes and update it.
In 1967 when the Catholic Church consecrated the first American Black Bishop in Louisiana, many Catholic lay people protest [sic] against the Vatican and carried racist and anti-Black placards. One of these placards read:


So, what sayeth thee to that? Would the same group that is so opposed to the church's having a woman priest today have fought against those insults of not so long ago? Hell yeah! I have no doubt that they would have. I just don't understand why they are the ones discriminating today.

Reverend Monnie Kgosiemang was ordained in March this year, although
The saga erupted in February when the church's oldest parish in Mochudi, a small town 60 kilometres north of the capital, Gaborone, announced plans to appoint Monnie Kgosiemang as its first woman moruti (priest), to fill a vacancy created by Rev Ranfi Seoke, who retired in December 2002.

Since then, the church has not enjoyed peace, and to date, rivalry reigns supreme. Sadly, this is emerging at a time the Mochudi parish is due to celebrate 100 years of its existence this month, having been built in 1903. Kgosiemang's appointment is supported by majority of the church's membership, but a small segment calling itself the Concerned Group, led by hard-line anti-feminists, has managed to stall her installation.

In a town with nearly 35,000 people, the majority of who belong to the Dutch Reformed Church, the Concerned Group seems very insignificant. Kgosiemang would have been installed in March, but the group found a loophole in the church's constitution, to block the installation.

A clause within the church's order states that "only confessing male members of the congregation, known to be blameless in doctrine and life
according to the scripture, may be elected as elders or deacons".
[ Source... ]