Lesotho is a kingdom in southern Africa that is land-locked within the Republic of South Africa. It became a protectorate of Britain in 1884 and gained self-rule on 4 October 1966. Most of it is rugged and mountainous, and skiing and mountain-climbing are actually practised. The people of Lesotho are called Basotho, and they speak Sesotho which, together with English, is the official language.